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population

2010 Census
  5,773,552 - 19th among states

Largest City  Baltimore - 620,961

Largest County  Montgomery - 971,777

Government

Statehood  April 28, 1788; 7th State

Capital  Annapolis

Executive Branch  Governor Martin O'Malley is the chief executive of the state, re-elected to a four-year term in 2010.

Legislature  General Assembly, a 47-member Senate and 141-member House of Delegates. Convenes annually in January for a 90-day session.

Judiciary  Headed by the Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals. Four court divisions make up the Judicial Branch: the court of Appeals, the Court of Special Appeals, the Circuit Courts, and the District Court of Maryland.

Senators  Barbara A. Mikulski (D) and Benjamin L. Cardin (D); eight congressional representatives

County Government  23 Counties. Three forms of county government exist: county commissioners, code home rule and charter. Baltimore City, not part of a county, is considered on par with county jurisdictions.

Local Government  157 towns and cities

Bond Rating    AAA (Standard and Poor's); AAA (Moody's); AAA (Fitch) 

Nicknames

"Old Line State"  Maryland earned the nickname during the American Revolution. The Maryland Line achieved a reputation as the saviors of the Continental Army and the cause of independence. References to the “Old Line” are a tribute to the Maryland Line.

"Free State"  Name given by Hamilton Owens, editor of the Baltimore Sun, in a 1923 editorial in response to the state's refusal to pass a State enforcement act on Prohibition.

 

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State symbols
State flag
The arms of the Calvert and Crossland families. It was adopted as the State Flag in 1904.
state flower
Black-Eyed Susan
(Rudbeckia hirta) became the official flower of Maryland in 1918.
state tree
White Oak
Named for its white bark and grey twigs, the tree was designated in 1941.
state bird
Baltimore Oriole
Protected by federal law, the state's major league baseball team is named after the state bird.
state cat
Calico
Named the official state cat in 2001.
state dog
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Named after the famous bay region of the breeds origin, the dog was named in 1964.
state sport
Jousting
Declared the official sport in 1962, making Maryland the first state to adopt an official sport.
state team sport
Lacrosse
Declared the official team sport of Maryland in 2004.