Maryland's freight rail system uses the latest equipment and technology to meet shipper demands for fast, efficient rail service to all U.S. interior points, Canada and Mexico.
Long haul freight services are provided by two primary Class I rail carriers, CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern. These two carriers also connect with Canadian Pacific and Canadian National Railways, which serve Canada and extreme northern points.
A wide array of rail services is provided through the Port of Baltimore to firms using the Port, including intermodal U.S. inland locations. Packaged goods and bulk rail commodity transfers between truck, rail and extensive automobile loading and distribution operations exist statewide.
CSX Transportation is currently working with the U.S. Department of Transportation, with support from six Mid-Atlantic states, to raise the vertical height of bridges and tunnels along CSX’s rail network and build intermodal facilities in six key markets. These improvements will occur over a phased development schedule as part of an ongoing project known as the National Gateway. This $850 million public-private partnership will improve the flow of rail traffic throughout the nation by creating a new double-stacked rail corridor that connects Baltimore and other key Mid-Atlantic ports to markets in the Midwest and the South. In conjunction with this project, Maryland is planning to construct a new rail intermodal facility near the Port of Baltimore capable of transferring containers between highway and rail. The goal is to complete construction of the facility and begin operations by 2015.
Major Rail Operations in Maryland
With approximately 432 route miles, CSXT offers service between the Northeast and most major markets in the South and Ohio Valley.
CSXT also serves commuter and rail passengers in Maryland. Both MARC and Amtrak trains travel on CSXT's tracks.
Norfolk Southern Railway
With 287 route miles in the state, Norfolk Southern offers new and expanded service in Maryland.
NSRR has trackage rights over Amtrak's Northeast Corridor from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. and provides service between Hagerstown and Harrisburg, Harrisburg and Perryville, and the Delmarva Route from Wilmington to Pocomoke City.
Shortline Rail Operations in Maryland
In addition to Class I rail carriers, Maryland has a connecting network of shortline railroads which provide service from Western Maryland to the Delmarva Peninsula.
Bay Coast Railroad - Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia
Canton Railroad - Baltimore, including the Port of Baltimore
Maryland & Delaware Railroad - Eastern Shore of Maryland and Delaware
Maryland Midland Railway - Carroll and Frederick Counties
Patapsco & Back Rivers Railroad - Baltimore City and County